John F. Montgomery on the compulsory labor law in Hungary and its impact on the Jewish population in 1940



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  1. English
Text from page1

The compulsory labor law envisaged the employment of conscripts not liable to or desired for military service on work supplementary to the military effort. The virtually general mobilization has resulted in a large reservoir of such labor which is composed entirely or in large measure of Jews since their number permitted in military units is restricted to 10% of the complements, and includes persons high in commercial, industrial and professional life who previously had performed no manual labor as well as former army officers of Jewish extraction, many of high rank.

They are organized in labor camps under strict military control, receive no pay or clothing and live in a condition bordering on servitude. Most of the labor presently performed by them appears to have no connection with defense measures. [...]

Text from page2

Unavailing protests by prominent persons have been made to the Prime Minister and it is generally considered that the persecution of the Jews will increase either at German instigation or in an effort to indicate Hungarian union with the Axis.


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The United States of America were neutral during the first two years of the Second World War. They were brought into the conflict by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour on 7 December 1941 and became one of the decisive belligerent nations, defeating Japan in the Pacific and heavily contributing to the war effort against the Axis powers, e.g. during the Allied landings in North Africa, Italy and France. American forces invaded German territory early in 1945. On the eve of the Second World War...