Raimondo Giustiniani on the “Treatment of Jews” in Croatia in 1942

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Re: Treatment of Jews

As this Royal Legation reported in the telegram mentioned above, the transfer to Poland of the Jewish survivors left in Croatia is currently under way. The transfer is carried out with special trains provided by Croatian authorities, who, besides equipping the people who are leaving, are also required to pay the Government of the Reich 30 Mark per person. (Initially the Reich had requested 500 Mark).

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The said measures have led to a démarche – as the Poglavnik himself has confirmed – by the Apostolic Delegate here, which brought no conclusive results. It seems, however, that the category formed by Aryans joined in matrimony to Jews will be left alone.

The Minister of Germany here, in a conversation he had with the R. Minister about various issues, hinted at the advisability of starting to remove also the Jews who have sought shelter in the 2nd zone occupied by Italian troops and asked how many there might be. He added that the larger groups, as far as he is was aware, ought to be

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in Mostar, in Ragusa [Dubrovnik] and in Cirquenizza [Crikvenica]. Lastly, he hinted at an official step that the Government of the Reich is about to make in order to request that these Jews, like the others in Croatia, be also sent to Poland.

Giustiniani

References

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In March 1919, Benito Mussolini founded a movement called “Fasci di combattimento”, which became the Partito Nazionale Fascista (PNF) in November 1921. On 28 October 1922 he organised the “March on Rome”, following which King Vittorio Emanuele III of Savoy invited him to form a new government. Mussolini transformed the government into a dictatorship and then into a totalitarian state. After Italy left the League of Nations in 1937, the “Rome-Berlin Axis”, proclaimed in 1936, developed into a clo...

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