Toyohara Yukio on the persecution of Jews in Germany in 1940

Metadata

zoom_in
2

Document Text

  1. English

From: Consul Toyohara Yukio (Manzhouli)

To: Ambassador Umezu Yoshijirō (Shinkyō)

CC: MOFA Tokyo

Re: Situation of Persecution of Jews in Germany

Information gathered by the Foreign Affairs Section here for your reference.

  1. General Situation

Due to the outbreak of second great war in Europe the persecution of Jews in Germany has become intensified recently. At last the Jews feel their living to be under threat and have no choice but to seek refuge abroad.

  1. Testimonies

Main testimonies are as follows

  1. Due to the clandestine collaboration of Jews living in Germany and those in other countries, Germany ended up losing the economic warfare during the first great war in Europe. In view of this, the authorities are trying to avoid a repetition of such a scenario by driving them out of the country. However, there are about two million Jews in the country, and many occupy important places in society. Therefore, it is not easy to expel them. However, without expulsion, it will be difficult to ensure Germany’s economy in a long-term war. In my view, to make them leave Germany voluntarily, [the authorities] are using methods such as denying them jobs and making their life extremely restricted so as to expect the Jews to leave. Basically, the Jews do not have their own country and only engage in self-interest. Lacking patriotism, they are to have any sacrifice for the sake of interest/profit. For the sake of Germany, they are merely seeing [our war] to have nothing to do with them; worse, their deep-seated economic power is destroying Germany’s wartime control economy.

(told by a German named Peistein bound for Tokyo )

  1. Although more than two million Jews in Germany like us have faced all kinds of persecution by the German authorities in recent years, we have tried hard to make a living. With the outbreak of the war in Europe, their methods have become more stringent and violent. At last, our living is coming under threat, and we have reached the point of having no choice but to seek refuge abroad. Words cannot describe the ways of persecuting us Jews. Under the ration system of life necessities, compared to ordinary Germans, [we receive] one fourth of all food except bread and one package of 50 cigarette each month. No sweets, alcohol or similar items is given. It is worse when it comes to entertainment. We cannot go to the cinema or restaurant because they post No Jews Allowed outside. When withdrawing money, we are limited to the amount for purchasing those life necessities and cannot freely access our savings.

At the personal level, the persecution is even more severe. Association with Germans is strictly forbidden, and even kids are not allowed to play with German kids. Although in legal terms we are not expelled from the country, the method used goes against humanity and arouses (uncontrollable) anger.

(told by a Jewish merchant named Frinkle bound for Shanghai)

  1. My Opinion

Given the situation described above, there is a need to closely monitor the movement of Jews in transit through our city.

References

  • Updated 2 years ago
During the 1930s, Japan was characterized by the rise of extreme nationalism and a series of expansionist wars, beginning with the military take-over of northeastern China (Manchuria). After a military coup attempt in 1936, the Japanese military consolidated its control over the political system. In 1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War began. Japan occupied large parts of Eastern China. Japan's stated war aim was to establish the Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere, a vast pan-Asian union under...
  • Sumitomo Fudosan Hongo Building 10F
  • Tokyo
  • Updated 2 years ago